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Approved by the Ministry of Health, Dubai, UAE - 699/1/12/28/2/12
Functional Movement Screen
The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is an innovative system used to evaluate movement pattern quality for clients or athletes. The FMS only requires the ability to observe basic movement patterns already familiar to the coach or trainer. The key to the Functional Movement Screen is that it consists of a series of simple tests with a simple grading system. The FMS is not intended to diagnose orthopedic problems but rather to demonstrate limitations or asymmetries in healthy individuals with respect to basic movement patterns and eventually correlate them with outcomes.
The Functional Movement Screen provides strength and conditioning coaches or personal trainers with an evaluation option that relates closely to what the athlete or client will actually do in training. In a sense, the tests are improved by working on variations of the skills tested.
The test is comprised of seven fundamental movement patterns that require a balance of mobility and stability. These fundamental movement patterns are designed to provide observable performance of basic loco motor, manipulative and stabilizing movements. The tests place the individual in extreme positions where weaknesses and imbalances become noticeable if appropriate stability and mobility is not utilized. It has been observed that many individuals who perform at very high levels during activities are unable to perform these simple movements. These individuals should be considered to be utilizing compensatory movement patterns during their activities, sacrificing efficient movements for inefficient ones in order to perform at high levels. If these compensations continue, then poor movement patterns will be reinforced leading to poor biomechanics.